6th February

Leviticus 21-23; Psalm 37

Bible in a Year
3 minutes

Leviticus 21-23

We’re continuing on with the Holiness Code (Leviticus 17-26), with today looking at the specific requirements of the priests and then the festivals the people are to keep. 

First, we get instructions for funeral rites and restrictions on who a priest could marry. Touching a dead body made you unclean. This was because a corpse obviously symbolises death and God is a God of life. 

The priests were allowed to make themselves unclean for close families, but no one else. They’re needed in the tabernacle in God’s presence, so they could afford to be unclean unless necessary. The high priest wasn’t allowed to touch any dead body, no matter how close a relative he was.

We then get a list of bodily defects that mean a priest is no longer worthy to serve in the tabernacle. Some of these are permanent and some are temporary. 

While this may feel like unfair discrimination to us, we have to remind of ourselves of the importance of ‘wholeness’ and perfection when it comes to the Israelites and God’s presence. 

This followed by a list of the benefits for being a priest and then finally by specific instructions on the offerings that are brought and then performed by the priests.

Leviticus 23 gives us a collection of the important feasts and festivals that the Israelites should keep. Here’s a list of them.

  • The Sabbath: The weekly day of rest

  • The Passover: The reminder of God bringing them out of Egypt

  • The Feast of Unleavened Bread: Linked with the Passover as a remind of God bringing them out of Egypt

  • The Feast of Firstfruits: A Thanksgiving feast for the first fruits of the field. A bit like our harvest festival

  • The Feast of Weeks: A celebration seventh weeks (seven lots of seven days) after Passover

  • The Feast of Trumpets: A celebration of the first day of the seventh month. This later became the Jewish New Year. It celebrates new beginnings.

  • The Day of Atonement: The tenth day of the seventh month. The day that the sins are paid for the whole nation

  • The Feast of Booths: The fifteenth day of the seventh month. A feast where the people live in tents for seven days, to be a reminder of their time in the wilderness when they finally enter the promised land.


Notice that the seventh month (seven being an important number) has the most feasts.

Psalm 37

This psalm is attributed to king David and fits into the category of wisdom psalm. It instructs the reader/listener on how to lead a moral life. 

The psalm is an acrostic, where every couple of verses start with a different letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 

The psalm opens with an encouragement not to get too concerned with the wicked. They may be successful now, but it won’t last long. Instead, trust in the Lord that he will be your provision. He will cause you to dwell in his land, give you the desires of your heart, act on your behalf, and lead you in righteousness. 

All it requires is that you patiently wait on him, and he will cause you to prosper in a way that the wicked never could.

So refrain from getting angry, because the wicked will be cut off for their evil. They will be no more, and the righteous will inherit the land. This message is repeated throughout the psalm (Psalm 37:9, 22, 28-29, 34, 37-38) and can be seen as the main focus on the psalm. 

Each pairing of verses reinforces this message. Do not become jealous of the wicked who seem to prosper. They won’t. Ultimately, they will fail and fall away. Instead, live a blameless life and you will be sustained and blessed by God.

Anything you think I've missed? Maybe you've got a question that still needs answering. Send me a message over on my Instagram (@brynjoslin). I'd love to talk it through with you some more.

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  • SPOTLESS PRIESTS AND SACRIFICES | Bible Study | Leviticus 21-22

    Spoken Gospel

    This Bible study devotional covers Leviticus chapters 21-22. Here we see that neither priests nor offerings with blemishes or deformities were allowed to be a part of the sacrifices prescribed in Leviticus.

    As always, we are committed to showing you how Jesus fulfills these specific passages. In Leviticus 21-22, we see that Jesus is the perfect priest and the spotless sacrifice that makes a way for us to draw near to God.

  • Podcast

    Naked Bible podcast

    Naked Bible #81: Leviticus 21-22

    The Naked Bible Podcast

    The Naked Bible Podcast is for those that want intense Bible study. Be warned, many will find these podcasts go too deep for them. But for those that persevere this will be a rich source of teaching for you.

    Check the podcast out here
  • Further Study

    Overview: Leviticus


    Understanding the context of your passage is always important. BibleProject always do an incredible job of breaking down each book so you can see how your passage fits into the wider story.

    The Book of Leviticus


    BibleProject have done an animated recap of Leviticus to help you fit today's passage into the overarching story of Leviticus.

    The Bible Explained: Leviticus


    Spoken Gospel outlines the book of Leviticus and point out some of the key themes, all in the medium of spoken word.



    In this video, the guys at BibleProject explore the paradox that God’s holiness presents to human beings. God is the unique and set-apart Creator of all reality and the author of all goodness. However, that goodness can become dangerous to humans who are mortal and morally corrupt. Ultimately, this paradox is resolved by Jesus, who embodies God’s holiness that comes to heal His creation.

    Sacrifice and Atonement


    God is on a mission to remove evil from His good world, along with all of its corrosive effects. However, He wants to do it in a way that does not involve removing humans. In this video on sacrifice and atonement, the guys at BibleProject trace the theme of God’s “covering” over human evil through animal sacrifices that ultimately point to Jesus and his death and resurrection.

© Bryn Joslin