Continuing on with the offerings, Leviticus 5 looks at different circumstances for sin. It looks at those who sin by not doing something they’re meant to have done, those who sin accidentally and don’t even realise it, those that contaminate God’s holy space by accident and don’t realise it, and finally those who do something wrong, initially lie to cover it up, and then have a change of heart and confess.
All of these things fall under the category of unintentional sins, though a couple of them fit very loosely. Again, the point is emphasised there is no offering for someone who intentionally goes around sinning.
Then Leviticus 6-7 are some extra details on all the offerings we’ve learnt so far. If Leviticus 1-5 are what the offerings should be, Leviticus 6-7 are how the priests should conduct the offerings. Because it’s a lot of specific how-to’s there’s a lot that doesn’t seem relevant to us, but there are little bits we can glean from.
In Leviticus 6:10 it mentions the priest putting on his garments and his undergarments. In other Ancient Near Eastern religions, it was common for offerings and sacrifices to include nudity and sex.
For the Israelites, God wanted to make it clear that nudity and sex wasn’t something that they used in this context. In fact, the only context it was acceptable was the privacy of the marriage bed. Likewise, today we need to recognise the importance of sex, that it has a proper place within the confines of marriage.
In Leviticus 6:12 God gives the command that the fire of the altar should never go out. This was to be a symbol to the people that God was always there and they could always come to him. Now that we have the Holy Spirit with us we can also be confident that God is always there and we can always come to him.
One other thing that appears a lot throughout Leviticus 6-7 is the priests being able to eat from the offerings. We mentioned it briefly yesterday, but again just to say this was the priests sharing a meal.
Sometimes the person who brought the offering could eat some, but mostly it was just the priests. This was the personal relationship that the priests had with God.
This is why communion is so exciting to the Christian. It’s not just a select few that can take communion. It’s not just the pastor or those in leadership. We all get to take communion together, as equals. We are united with each other and in close relationship with God as we share this meal together.
This psalm is attributed to king David and falls into the category of lament psalm. It follows a chiastic structure, where the passage reflects itself, with a closing section of thanksgiving and prayer.
a) Psalm 31:1-5 - Prayer
b) Psalm 31:6-8 - A declaration of trust
c) Psalm 31:9-13 - Lament
b) Psalm 31:14 - A declaration of trust
a) Psalm 31:15-18 - Prayer
d) Psalm 31:19-24 - Thanksgiving and praise
The psalm opens with a prayer to the Lord to intervene. The psalmist appeals to God as his refuge and fortress, and repeatedly asks got to help, deliver and rescue.
They then declare their trust in the Lord. While others may trust in idols, the psalmist only trusts in God. They can be confident that they will be able to rejoice, because God is faithful and will not deliver them to their enemies.
Next comes the lament, as the psalmist shares their struggle. They are in distress. It feels like they are wasting away from grief. Their entire life seems to be spent in sorrow, and their strength fails them. They are hated by those who know them, and those that don’t avoid them.
Having shared their lament, the psalmist goes back to declaring their trust in God. This leads them to make bigger requests from God, knowing that he will answer them. They ask to be rescued from their enemies and blessed with God’s love. To save them from shame, but bring the shame of the wicked upon themselves.
And then the tone of the psalm shifts, as though the psalmist has heard from God and knows that he will intervene. The psalmist now turns to thanksgivings and praise. He is a God that stores up good things for his people. He protects them from the wicked.
God has been faithful and loving. Though the psalmist felt like God was hidden from them, God had heard their cry. The psalm ends with a call to the others saints, those who are faithful, to love God. May they be strong and take courage as they wait on God.
This psalm shows the power of lament, and how it leads us to making big requests of God. To begin with, all the psalmist could do was ask God to save them. But as they alternated between declaring their trust, and sharing their hurt and pain, it brought them to a place where they could ask God not only to save them, but bless them.
From there, God’s faithfulness led them to a place of praise and thanksgiving.
Anything you think I've missed? Maybe you've got a question that still needs answering. Send me a message over on my Instagram (@brynjoslin). I'd love to talk it through with you some more.
God is on a mission to remove evil from His good world, along with all of its corrosive effects. However, He wants to do it in a way that does not involve removing humans. In this video on sacrifice and atonement, the guys at BibleProject trace the theme of God’s “covering” over human evil through animal sacrifices that ultimately point to Jesus and his death and resurrection.
The Naked Bible Podcast is for those that want intense Bible study. Be warned, many will find these podcasts go too deep for them. There are two episodes, averaging an hour each, covering these three chapters.But for those that persevere this will be a rich source of teaching for you.Check the podcast out here
Understanding the context of your passage is always important. BibleProject always do an incredible job of breaking down each book so you can see how your passage fits into the wider story.
BibleProject have done an animated recap of Leviticus to help you fit today's passage into the overarching story of Leviticus.
Spoken Gospel outlines the book of Leviticus and point out some of the key themes, all in the medium of spoken word.
In this video, the guys at BibleProject explore the paradox that God’s holiness presents to human beings. God is the unique and set-apart Creator of all reality and the author of all goodness. However, that goodness can become dangerous to humans who are mortal and morally corrupt. Ultimately, this paradox is resolved by Jesus, who embodies God’s holiness that comes to heal His creation.
This Bible study devotional covers Leviticus chapters 5:14-6:7. Here we see the provision of the guilt offering which both rids the worshipper of guilt, but also provides reparations to the offended party.
As always, Spoken Gospel are committed to showing you how Jesus fulfills these specific passages. In Leviticus 5:14-6:7, we see that Jesus the perfect guilt offering who makes us acceptable before God, while also making all broken things 100% new.
This Bible study devotional covers Leviticus chapters 6:8-7. Here we learn about the perpetual fire on the altar and the priest's most holy food.
As always, Spoken Gospel are committed to showing you how Jesus fulfills these specific passages. In Leviticus 6:8-7, we see that Jesus rescues us from the only other perpetual fire described in the Bible and also makes us holy by giving us the true holy food of his body on the cross.