Carrying on from yesterday’s rebellion, God once again decides to prove his commitment to Aaron and Moses as leaders of Israel. He asks Aaron and each of the leaders of the twelve tribes to offer a staff, and the staffs are left in his presence.
The next day when the staffs are collected, the wood of Aaron’s staff is brought back to life and begins to flower and bud. When the people saw this, they finally realised their mistake and were afraid about what God would do to them.
Now that God has confirmed for everyone that he has chosen the Levites and priests through the line of Aaron, he then reaffirms the authority, responsibilities, and benefits of both the priests and the Levites.
First of all, they are responsible for protecting the tabernacle. The Levites are to make sure non-Levites don’t get too close to the tabernacle, and the priest are to make sure that non-priests don’t enter the tabernacle.
Then secondly, the priests are reminded that they get a portion of the offerings people bring. Meanwhile, the Levites get everything that is brought in as a tithe from all of Israel.
This psalm is attributed to the sons of Korah and falls into the category of royal psalm. Royal psalms are psalms that are focused on either God as king or on a human king. This psalm was likely recited at a royal wedding.
Psalm 45:1 - The psalmist introduces themselves
Psalm 45:2-9 - Praise directed at the royal groom
Psalm 45:10-15 - Praise directed at the royal bride
Psalm 45:16-17 - Final blessings over the royal groom
The psalm opens with the psalmist declaring their intentions to sing the king a poem to mark his wedding day.
They then launch into praise for the king, describing his beauty and eloquence of his words. As a king, the psalmist encourages him to step into the authority and victory that is rightfully his, strapping on his sword and going out to battle.
The psalmist points to God’s throne and majesty. Just as God has conquered evil and reigns in power, he has allowed the king to conquer his enemies and reign with authority over the lad.
Because of this God has, and will continue to, bless the king with great riches. He has rich oils and fragrances to enjoy, as well as a palace and musicians. His court is filled with many great and upright women, and the greatest of them all stands next to him ready to be his wife.
At this, the psalmist changes focus to the bride. They acknowledge the homesickness she must feel being away from her people and family, in a foreign land ready to marry the king. But they encourage her not to dwell on it too long.
Instead, she should take pride in her new husband, for as queen she is also blessed with great luxuries. Her bed chamber is great, and she has many different expensive clothes to enjoy. The psalmist is trying to show her that she is no longer a daughter in her father’s house, but a queen in her own house.
And so, the psalmist turns back to the king and speaks a blessing over him. He will leave a legacy as his sons will one day take over from him, as he took over from his father, and fathers before him. His memory will be upheld and he will be praised among the nations.
Psalm 45 is at face value a hymn to be sung at a royal wedding, and it has value as such. But as well that this psalm would take on a messianic quality, and would come to reflect Jesus’ relationship with the church. We know this because the writer of Hebrews would quote it in reference to Jesus (Hebrews 1:8-9).
Like the bride, we are called to leave our old life behind and take pleasure in our new king and groom.
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This Bible study devotional covers Numbers chapters 17-19. Here we read about Israel questioning God's choice of Aaron as the high priest and the miraculous budding of his lifeless staff that proved his standing.
As always, we are committed to showing you how Jesus fulfills these specific passages. In Numbers 17-19, we see that Jesus is the final high priest whose standing was proven in the budding of his resurrection from the lifeless grave.
Understanding the context of your passage is always important. BibleProject always do an incredible job of breaking down each book so you can see how your passage fits into the wider story.
BibleProject have done an animated recap of Leviticus to help you fit today's passage into the overarching story of Numbers.
Spoken Gospel outlines the book of Numbers and point out some of the key themes, all in the medium of spoken word.